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Get to Know More about Iceland’s Geography

"Land of Fire and Ice"

Also known as the “Land of Fire and Ice”, Iceland, officially known as the Republic of Iceland, is a major island nation in North Europe, geographically located in between of the North Atlantic Ocean and the Greenland Sea.

Covering an entire land area of 103,000 sq. m., Iceland takes in a population of 321,857 according to the available statistic provided by the 2013 census data. It is situated approximately 4200 km from New York City and 860 km from Scotland. The republic of Iceland is considered to be one of the most sparsely populated nations, as it is roughly coterminous with the main island; the 18th biggest area in the world as it also includes just about all of the nation’s population and area.

The map of Iceland vividly shows the country’s geographical contours. A prominent part of Iceland is covered with snowfields and glaciers and the majority of the inhabitants of this island nation live along the coastal areas since they’re the extremely fertile locations on Iceland; not to mention that they got a milder type of weather than as compared to the other areas.

About half of Iceland's land area, which is of recent volcanic origin, consists of a mountainous lava desert and other wasteland

It possesses wide-ranging geothermal and volcanic activity. The crevice connected with the Mid-Atlantic Ridge that marks the partition between the North American and European tectonic plates, runs transversely from Iceland from the southwest till the northeast. This geographic element is well-known at the Thingvellir National Park, wherein the peninsula generates a bizarre natural amphitheater. The site was in fact more popularly known to be home of the parliament of Iceland—the Althing, that was first convened in the year 930.

Iceland is also popularly known to have the most active volcanoes and in April of 2010, it has been on the news which featured about a volcanic eruption under a glacier. That has caused disturbance all across the universe because of its ashes which emanated from that eruption. Almost half of the country’s land area contains mountainous lava desert as well as other wasteland.

Here are a few things you might like to see and do in Iceland:

If you see something you like just add it to your backpack and we will help you put togeather a real Iceland adventure.

The awesome vacation in Iceland offers you with a fantastic opportunity to discover and see more of the virgin terrains of what Iceland has to offer.

For further information on how to experience Iceland’s most stunning geographic spots please call us at +354 414 1500 or send an e-mail to: eskimos@eskimos.is